Selected Publications [Google Scholar]

  1. Zhao,W., Mohcine Harrach, Rakesh Kapania, Pinar Acar, "Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of Residual Stresses and Distortions of Models Fabricated Using Additive Manufacturing," AIAA SciTech forum 2022 (Accepted)

  2. Singh, K., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K., “An Optimization Framework for Curvilinearly Stiffened Composite Pressure Vessels and Pipes,” Advances in Computational Design, An International Journal, Vol. 6, No.1, 2021, DOI: 10.12989/acd.2021.6.1.15

  3. Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K. “Skin-Stringers Assembly using Radial Basis Functions for Curvilinearly Stiffened Panels,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 1125-1133, 2021, DOI: 10.2514/1.J059364

  4. Zhao, W., Miglani, J., Desai, S., Kapania, R. K., Schetz, J. A., Aris, A. and Panwar, S. S., “Structural and Aeroelastic Design, Analysis, and Experiments of Inflatable Airborne Wings,” AIAA SciTech 2021, January, 2021, Virtual Event, AIAA 2021-1817, [DOI:10.2514/6.2021-1817]

  5. Zhao, W., Gupta, R., Kapania, R. K. and Schmidt, D. K., "Fuel Weight Minimization for Large N+3 Composite Transports with Multiple Control Surfaces," 2020 AIAA SciTech Forum , Jan 07-10, 2020, AIAA 2020-0663 [DOI: 10.2514/6.2020-0663]

Journal Papers

2022

[J13] Borwankar, P., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K. and Bansal, M., “Two-level Weight Optimization of Composite Laminates using Integer Programming,” AIAA Journal, 2022, under review

2021

[J12] Singh, K., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K., “An Optimization Framework for Curvilinearly Stiffened Composite Pressure Vessels and Pipes,” Advances in Computational Design, An International Journal, Vol. 6, No.1, 2021, DOI: 10.12989/acd.2021.6.1.15

[J11] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K. “Skin-Stringers Assembly using Radial Basis Functions for Curvilinearly Stiffened Panels,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 1125-1133, 2021, DOI: 10.2514/1.J059364

2020

[J10] Gupta, R., Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., “Controllability Gramian as the Control Design Objective in Aircraft MDAO using Curvilinear Spars and Ribs,” AIAA Journal, 2020, DOI: 10.2514/1.J059102

[J9] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Actuator Energy and Drag Minimizations of Blended-Wing-Body with Variable Camber Continuous Trailing-edge Flaps'', Engineering Optimization, Vol. 52, No. 9, pp. 1561-1587, 2020, DOI:10.1080/0305215X.2019.1660776 [preprint][code][PDF]

2019

[J8] Zhao, W., Gupta, A., Miglani, J., Regan, C. D., Kapania, R. K. and Seiler, P. J., "Component Data Assisted Finite Element Model Updating of Composite Flying-wing Aircraft using Multi-level Optimization,'' Aerospace Science and Technology, 2019, DOI: 10.1016/j.ast.2019.105486

[J7] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Bilevel Programming Optimization of Composite Flying-wing with Curvilinear Spars and Ribs,'' AIAA Journal, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp.2594–2608, 2019, DOI: 10.2514/1.J057892 [preprint][code][PDF]

[J6] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Prestressed Vibration of Stiffened Variable Angle Tow Laminated Plate,'' AIAA Journal, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp.2575–2593, 2019, DOI: 10.2514/1.J057719 [preprint][code][PDF]

2018

[J5] Zhao,W., Singh, K. A, and Kapania, R. K., "Thermal Buckling Analysis and Optimization of Curvilinearly Stiffened Plates with Variable Angle Tow Laminates," AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets , DOI: 10.2514/1.A34378, 2018 [preprint][code][PDF]

[J4] Singh, K., Zhao, W. , Jrad, M. and Kapania, R. K., "Hybrid Optimization of Curvilinearly Stiffened Shells using Parallel Processing, '' AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 1068–1079, 2018, DOI:10.2514/1.C035069 [preprint][code][PDF]

2017

[J3] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K. "Vibrational Analysis of Curvilinearly Stiffened Composite Panels Subjected to In-plane Loads'' AIAA Journal, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 981-997, 2017, DOI: 10.2514/1.J055047 [preprint][code][PDF]

2016

[J2] Sheets, K., Wang, J., Zhao,W., Kapania, R. K. and Nain, A. S., "Nanonet Force Microscopy for Measuring Cell Forces,'' Biophysical Journal , Vol. 111, No. 1, 2016, pp. 197-207,[preprint][code][PDF]

[J1] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K. "Buckling Analysis of Unitized Curvilinearly Stiffened Composite Panels, '' Composite Structures, Vol. 135, 2016, pp. 365-382, DOI:10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.09.041 [preprint][code][PDF]

Conference Proceedings

2022

[C24] Zhao, W., Harrach, M., Kapania, R. K., Acar, P., "Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of Residual Stresses and Distortions of Models Fabricated Using Additive Manufacturing," AIAA SciTech forum 2022, San Diego & Virtual, AIAA 2022-1631, [DOI: 10.2514/6.2022-1631 ]

[C23] Panwar, S.S., Gupta, R., Aris, A., Nam, T., Miglani, J., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K., "3D-Photogrammetric Modal Testing and Data Analysis of a Cantilevered Inflatable Wing," AIAA SciTech forum 2022, San Diego & Virtual, AIAA 2022-1513, [DOI: 10.2514/6.2022-1513]

2021

[C22] Zhao, W., Miglani, J., Desai, S., Kapania, R. K., Schetz, J. A., Aris, A. and Panwar, S. S., “Structural and Aeroelastic Design, Analysis, and Experiments of Inflatable Airborne Wings,” AIAA SciTech 2021, January, 2021, Virtual Event, AIAA 2021-1817, [DOI:10.2514/6.2021-1817]

[C21] Miglani, J., Zhao, W., Sanmugadas, V., Desai, S., Schetz, J. A. and Kapania, R. K., “Design and Experiments of Aluminum Flat Plate and Expanded Polystyrene Foam Airfoil Flutter Test Articles,” AIAA SciTech 2021, January, 2021, Virtual Event, AIAA 2021-14977, [DOI:10.2514/6.2021-1497]

[C20] Borwankar, P., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K. and Bansal, M. “Two-level Weight Optimization of Composite Laminates using Integer Programming,” AIAA SciTech 2021, January, 2021, Virtual Event, AIAA 2021-1966, [DOI:10.2514/6.2021-1966]

2020

[C19] Zhao, W., Gupta, R., Kapania, R. K. and Schmidt, D. K., "Fuel Weight Minimization for Large N+3 Composite Transports with Multiple Control Surfaces ," 2020 AIAA SciTech Forum , Jan 07-10, 2020, AIAA 2020-0663 [DOI: 10.2514/6.2020-0663]

[C18] Gupta, R., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K. and Schmidt, D. K., "Incorporating Flight Dynamics and Control Criteria into MDAO of Composite Aircraft," 2020 AIAA SciTech Forum , Jan 07-10, 2020, AIAA 2020-1966 [DOI: 10.2514/6.2020-1966]

2019

[C17] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., “ Buckling Analysis and Optimization of Stiffened Varying-Angle-Tow Laminates with Manufacturing Constraints,” Proceedings of the American Society for Composites Thirty-fourth (34th) Technical Conference, GA, Sept., 2019

[C16] Nandita Nurani Hari, Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "High-Fidelity Aerodynamic Surrogate Model for Aero-Structural Optimization of Composite Flying-wing Aircraft," AIAA Aviation 2019, Accepted, June, 2019

[C15] Gupta, R., Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Aeroservoelastic Optimization of A Composite Flying-wings Aircraft with SpaRibs," AIAA Aviation 2019, June, 2019

[C14] Deshpande, R., Zhao, W., Jrad, M., and Kapania, R. K., "Effect of Centrifugal Stiffening on the Natural Frequencies of a Flexible Drone in Roll Maneuvers," AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition 2019, Aircraft Dynamic Loads and Response, Jan, 2019, San Diego, CA

[C13] Zhao, W., Gupta, A., Miglani, J., Regan, D. C., Kapania, R. K., and Seiler, P. J., "Finite Element Model Updating of Composite Flying-wing Aircraft using Global/Local Optimization," AIAA Atmosphere Flight Mechanics Conference, AIAA SciTech 2019, Jan, 2019, San Diego, CA

2018

[C12] Zhao, W., Singh, K. and Kapania, R. K., "Thermal-mechanical Buckling of Curvilinearly Stiffened Variable Angle Tow Laminated Panels,'' AIAA Space Forum 2018, Sep, 2018, FL, USA

[C11] Jrad, M., Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K. and Schmidt, D. K., "Elastic Axis Determination and Extraction of Vibration Mode Shapes of a Light Weight Composite Aircraft, '' 2018 Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, 2018 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, June, 2018

[C10] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Multiobjective Optimization of Composite Flying-wings with SpaRibs and Multiple Control Surfaces,'' 2018 Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, 2018 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, June, 2018, Atlanta, GA

[C9] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K.,, "BLP Optimization of Composite Flying-wing with SpaRibs and Multiple Control Surfaces,'' 2018 AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, AIAA SciTech Forum, Kissimmee, Florida, AIAA 2018-2150, Jan, 2018

2017

[C8] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Static Aeroelastic Optimization of Aircraft Wings with Multiple Surfaces,'' 18th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, AIAA Aviation Forum, Denver, Colorado, June, 2017, AIAA 2017-4320

[C7] Zhao, W., Jrad, M., Gupta, R. and Kapania, R. K., "Multidisciplinary Design, Analysis and Optimization of Performance Adaptive Aeroelastic Wings,'' AIAA Atmosphere Flight Mechanics Conference, AIAA SciTech 2017, Grapevine, TX, Jan, 2017, AIAA 2017-1392

[C6] Zhao, W., Muthirevula, N., Kapania, R. K., Gupta, A., Regan, D. C. and Seiler, P. J., "A Subcomponent-based Finite Element Model Updating for a Composite Flying-wing Aircraft,'' AIAA Atmosphere Flight Mechanics Conference, AIAA SciTech, Grapevine, TX, Jan, 2017, AIAA-2017-1393

[C5] Singh, K., Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Optimal Design of Curvilinearly Stiffened Shells,'' 58th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference , Grapevine, TX, Jan, 2017, AIAA 2017-1830

2016

[C4] Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Vibrational Analysis of Unitized Curvilinearly Stiffened Composite Panels Subjected to In-plane Loads,'' 57th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, 2016

[C3] Schmidt, D., Zhao, W. and Kapania, R. K., "Flight-Dynamics and Flutter Analyses of a Flying-Wing Research Drone,'' 57th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, AIAA SciTech 2016, San Diego, CA, AIAA 2016-1748

2015

[C2] Zhao, W., Kapania, R. K., Schetz, J. A., Coggin, J. M., Allen, T. J. and Sexton, B. W. "Nonlinear Aeroelastic Analysis of SUGAR Truss-braced Wing Wind-tunnel Model Under In-plane Loads,'' 56th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference. AIAA SciTech, 2015, Kissimmee, Florida, AIAA 2015-1173

2014

[C1] Coggin, J. M., Kapania, R. K., Zhao, W., Schetz, J. A. and Hodigere-Siddaramaiah, V. "Nonlinear Aeroelastic Analysis of a Truss Braced Wing Wind Tunnel Model,'' 55th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference. AIAA SciTech 2014, National Harbor, Maryland, AIAA 2014-0335